Robert Laurent
Seated Nude(alabaster) 14", 1940

William Zorach
Affection(bronze) 33", 1934

Vincent Glinsky
The Awakening(marble) 24", 1930

Jacques Lipschitz
The Dance(bronze) 43", 1936

Richmond Barthe
Seated Black Dancer(bronze) 12"

Hugo Robus
Girl Reading(bronze) 21", 1930

Jose De Creeft
Dream of Eve(marble) 18", 1958

Chaim Gross
Trapeeze Girl(lignum vitae) 30", 1938

Milton Hebald
Woman with Birds(teakwood) 47", 1947

Paul Manship
King Penguin(bronze) 23", 1932



The two prominent sculptors' organizations during this period in America were the National Sculpture Society and the Sculptors Guild. The NSS, founded in 1893 by French, Hunt, Morris, White, and St. Gaudens, represented the Beaux Arts tradition, while the Sculptors Guild was founded in 1936 :

"To unite sculptors of all progressive aesthetic tendencies into a vital organization in order to re-establish the artistic integrity of sculpture and give it its rightful place in the cultural life of this country"

You'll notice that this statement is both conservative ("re-establish artistic integrity") and progressive ("progressive aesthetic tendencies"), and it can be aligned with the political left of that era just as the NSS, funded by the wealthy heiresss Anna Hyatt Huntington, was comfortable with the political right.

The 20 founding members included: William Zorach, Milton Horn, Vincent Glinsky, Sonia Brown, Aaron Goodelman, Minna Harkavy, and Berta Margoulies.

(note: the Guild included abstract sculptors, like David Smith and Seymour Lipton as well, but their work is beyond the scope of this website)

Both of these organizations continue on to this day , several sculptors came to join both, and eventually both have adapted to the contemporary art world rather than maintain the traditions that motivated their founders.

(note: the Sculptors Guild is not to be confused with the National Sculptors Guild of Loveland, Colorado)