Seated Nude(alabaster) 14", 1940
Affection(bronze) 33", 1934
The Awakening(marble) 24", 1930
The Dance(bronze) 43", 1936
Seated Black Dancer(bronze) 12"
Girl Reading(bronze) 21", 1930
Jose De Creeft
Dream of Eve(marble) 18", 1958
Trapeeze Girl(lignum vitae) 30", 1938
Woman with Birds(teakwood) 47", 1947
King Penguin(bronze) 23", 1932
The two prominent sculptors' organizations during this period in
America were the National Sculpture Society and the Sculptors Guild.
The NSS, founded in 1893 by French, Hunt, Morris, White, and St. Gaudens, represented
the Beaux Arts tradition, while the Sculptors Guild was founded in 1936 :
"To unite sculptors of all progressive aesthetic tendencies into a vital
organization in order to re-establish the artistic integrity of sculpture and give it
its rightful place in the cultural life of this country"
You'll notice that this statement is both conservative ("re-establish artistic
integrity") and progressive ("progressive aesthetic tendencies"), and it can be aligned with
the political left of that era just as the NSS, funded by the wealthy heiresss Anna Hyatt
Huntington, was comfortable with the political right.
The 20 founding members included: William Zorach, Milton Horn, Vincent Glinsky, Sonia Brown, Aaron Goodelman, Minna Harkavy,
and Berta Margoulies.
(note: the Guild included abstract sculptors, like David Smith and Seymour Lipton as well, but
their work is beyond the scope of this website)
Both of these organizations continue on to this day , several sculptors came to join both,
and eventually both have adapted to the contemporary art world rather than maintain the traditions that motivated their founders.
(note: the Sculptors Guild is not to be confused with the National Sculptors Guild of Loveland,